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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2021

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Commission File Number 001-39467

 

 

UNIVERSAL STAINLESS & ALLOY PRODUCTS, INC.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Delaware

 

25-1724540

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(IRS Employer

Identification No.)

 

 

 

600 MAYER STREET, BRIDGEVILLE, PA 15017

 

(412) 257-7600

(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

 

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:  

Title of Each Class

Trading Symbol

Name of Each Exchange

on Which Registered

Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share

Preferred Stock Purchase Rights

USAP  

 

The Nasdaq Stock Market, LLC

The Nasdaq Stock Market, LLC

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: [None]

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data file required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

 

Emerging growth company

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    Yes      No  

The aggregate market value of the voting stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant on June 30, 2021, based on the closing price of $19.50 per share on that date, was approximately $86,250,000.  For the purposes of this disclosure only, the registrant has assumed that its directors and executive officers are the affiliates of the registrant. The registrant has made no determination that such persons are “affiliates” within the meaning of Rule 405 under the Securities Act of 1933.

As of February 1, 2022, there were 8,938,091 shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE Part III of this Form 10-K incorporates by reference portions of the Company’s definitive Proxy Statement for the 2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.

 

 

 

 

 


 

INDEX

 

PART I

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Business

 

1

 

 

 

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

 

5

 

 

 

 

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

 

11

 

 

 

 

Item 2.

Properties

 

11

 

 

 

 

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

 

11

 

 

 

 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

 

11

 

 

 

 

PART II

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 5.

Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

12

 

 

 

 

Item 6.

Selected Financial Data

 

12

 

 

 

 

Item 7.

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

13

 

 

 

 

Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

 

22

 

 

 

 

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

23

 

 

 

 

Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

 

47

 

 

 

 

Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures

 

47

 

 

 

 

Item 9B.

Other Information

 

47

 

 

 

 

Item 9C.

Disclosure Regarding Foreign Jurisdictions that Prevent Inspections

 

47

 

 

 

 

PART III

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

 

48

 

 

 

 

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

 

48

 

 

 

 

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

 

48

 

 

 

 

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

 

49

 

 

 

 

Item 14.

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

 

49

 

 

 

 

PART IV

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 15.

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

 

50

 

 

 

 

Item 16.

Form 10-K Summary

 

53

 

 

 

i


 

PART I

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT FOR PURPOSES OF THE "SAFE HARBOR" PROVISIONS OF THE PRIVATE SECURITIES LITIGATION REFORM ACT OF 1995

The statements contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K (“Form 10-K”) of Universal Stainless & Alloy Products, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries (collectively, “we,” “us,” “our,” or the “Company”), including, but not limited to, the statements contained in Item 1, “Business,” and Item 7, “Management's Discussion and Analysis of the Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” along with statements contained in other reports that we have filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), external documents and oral presentations, which are not historical facts are considered to be "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Act of 1934, as amended. These statements which may be expressed in a variety of ways, including the use of forward looking terminology such as “believe,” “expect,” “seek,” “intend,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “potential,” “continue,” “estimate,” “plan,” or “anticipate,” or the negatives thereof, other variations thereon or compatible terminology, relate to, among other things, statements regarding future growth, cost savings, expanded production capacity, broader product lines, greater capacity to meet customer quality reliability, price and delivery needs, enhanced competitive posture, and the effect of new accounting pronouncements. We do not undertake any obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statements.

These forward-looking statements, and any forward looking statements contained in other public disclosures of the Company which make reference to the cautionary factors contained in this Form 10-K, are based on assumptions that involve risks and uncertainties and are subject to change based on the considerations described below. We discuss many of these risks and uncertainties in greater detail in Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” of this Form 10-K. These and other risks and uncertainties may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from anticipated future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements.

 

 

ITEM 1.

BUSINESS

Universal Stainless & Alloy Products, Inc., which was incorporated in 1994, and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, manufacture and market semi-finished and finished specialty steel products, including stainless steel, nickel alloys, tool steel and certain other premium alloyed steels. Our manufacturing process involves melting, remelting, heat treating, hot and cold rolling, forging, machining and cold drawing of semi-finished and finished specialty steels. Our products are sold to service centers, forgers, rerollers and original equipment manufacturers (“OEMs”). Our customers further process our products for use in a variety of industries, including the aerospace, power generation, oil and gas, heavy equipment and general industrial markets. We also perform conversion services on materials supplied by customers.

We operate in four locations: Bridgeville and Titusville, Pennsylvania; Dunkirk, New York; and North Jackson, Ohio. Our corporate headquarters is located at our Bridgeville location. We operate these four manufacturing locations as one business segment.

We produce a wide variety of specialty steel grades using several manufacturing processes including vacuum induction melting (“VIM”), vacuum-arc remelting (“VAR”), elecro-slag remelting (“ESR”) and argon oxygen decarburization (“AOD”).  At our Bridgeville and North Jackson facilities, we produce specialty steel products in the form of semi-finished and finished long products (ingots, billets and bars). In addition, the Bridgeville facility produces flat rolled products (slabs and plates).  Semi-finished long products are primarily used by our Dunkirk facility and certain customers to produce finished bar and rod. Finished bar products that we manufacture are primarily used by OEMs and by service center customers for distribution to a variety of end users.  We also produce customized shapes primarily for OEMs that are cold rolled from purchased coiled strip, flat bar or extruded bar at our precision rolled products department, located at our Titusville facility.

We make strategic investments in our business and capabilities over time to support our growth initiatives and improve the efficiency of our production operations. This includes the installation of a new vacuum arc remelt furnace and an 18-ton crucible for our vacuum induction melting operation at our North Jackson facility in 2021. These investments will expand our premium alloy production capabilities and reduce our costs.

INDUSTRY OVERVIEW

The specialty steel industry is a distinct segment of the overall steel industry. Specialty steels include stainless steels, nickel alloys, tool steels, electrical steels, high-temperature alloys, magnetic alloys and electronic alloys. Specialty steels are made with a high alloy content, suitable for use in environments that demand exceptional hardness, toughness, strength and resistance to heat, corrosion or abrasion, or combinations thereof.  Specialty steels generally must conform to more demanding customer specifications for consistency, straightness and surface finish than carbon steels. For the years ended December 31, 2021, 2020 and 2019, approximately 60-70% of our net sales were derived from stainless steel products.

1


We primarily manufacture our products within the following product lines and, generally, in response to customer orders:

Stainless Steel.  Stainless steel, which represents the largest part of the specialty steel market, contains elements such as nickel, chrome and molybdenum that give it the unique qualities of high strength, good wear characteristics, natural attractiveness, ease of maintenance and resistance to corrosion and heat.  Stainless steel is used, among other applications, in the aerospace, oil and gas, power generation and automotive industries, as well as in the manufacturing of equipment for food handling, health and medical, chemical processing and pollution control.

High-Strength Low Alloy Steel.  High-strength low alloy steel is a relative term that refers to those steels that maintain alloying elements that range in versatility. The alloy elements of nickel, chrome and molybdenum in such steels typically exceeds the alloy element of carbon steels but not that of high-temperature alloy steel. High-strength low alloy steels are manufactured for use generally in the aerospace industry.

Tool Steel.  Tool steels contain elements of chrome, vanadium and molybdenum to produce specific hardness characteristics that enable tool steels to form, cut, shape and shear other materials in the manufacturing process.  Heating and cooling at precise rates in the heat-treating process bring out these hardness characteristics. Tool steels are utilized in the manufacturing of metals, plastics, paper and aluminum extrusions, pharmaceuticals, electronics and optics.

High-Temperature Alloy Steel.  These steels are designed to meet critical requirements of heat resistance and structural integrity. They generally have very high nickel content relative to other types of specialty steels. High-temperature alloy steels are manufactured for use generally in the aerospace industry.

 

RAW MATERIALS AND SUPPLIES

We depend on the delivery of key raw materials for our day-to-day melting operations. These key raw materials are carbon and stainless scrap metal and alloys, primarily consisting of nickel, chrome, molybdenum, vanadium and copper. Scrap metal is primarily generated by industrial sources and is purchased through a number of scrap brokers and processors. We also recycle scrap metal generated from our own production operations as a source of metal for our melt shops. Alloys are generally purchased from domestic agents and primarily originate in North America, Australia, China, Russia, South America and South Africa.

Our Bridgeville and North Jackson facilities currently supply semi-finished specialty steel products as starting materials to our other operating facilities. Semi-finished specialty steel starting materials, which we cannot produce at a competitive cost, are purchased from other suppliers. We generally purchase these starting materials from steel strip coil suppliers, extruders, flat rolled producers and service centers. We believe that adequate supplies of starting material will continue to be available.

The cost of raw materials represents approximately 35% of the cost of products sold in 2021, 2020 and 2019. Raw material costs can be impacted by significant price changes. Raw material prices vary based on numerous factors, including quality, and are subject to frequent market fluctuations. The average price of substantially all our major raw materials, including iron, nickel, molybdenum, vanadium, and chrome, increased in 2021 compared to the prior year. Future raw material prices cannot be predicted with any degree of certainty. We do not maintain any fixed-price long-term agreements with any of our raw material suppliers.

We apply a raw material surcharge in our pricing to align our pricing with fluctuations in commodity costs. Short lead time orders embed the surcharge into the price at the time of order entry. Longer lead time orders apply the raw material surcharge in effect at the time of shipment to better align the selling price with commodity costs. Surcharges are published on our website, and can fluctuate by month in line with commodity cost changes. Over time, our surcharge will effectively offset changes in raw material costs; however, during a period of rising or falling prices the timing will cause variation between reporting periods.

CUSTOMERS

Our largest customer in 2021 accounted for approximately 19%, 23% and 27% of our net sales for the years ended December 31, 2021, 2020 and 2019, respectively. One additional customer accounting for approximately 10% of our sales during 2021.

International sales approximated 7% of our annual net sales in 2021, 2020 and 2019.

BACKLOG

Our backlog of orders (excluding surcharges) on hand as of December 31, 2021 was approximately $134.5 million compared to approximately $48.0 million at December 31, 2020. We expect substantially all of the backlog orders as of December 31, 2021 to be filled during 2022. Our backlog may not be indicative of actual sales because certain surcharges are not

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determinable until the order is shipped to the customer and, therefore, should not be used as a direct measure of future revenue. However, we expect that our actual sales will be higher than the backlog once the actual surcharges are determined.

COMPETITION

Competition in our markets is based upon product quality, delivery capability, customer service, customer approval and price. Maintaining high standards of product quality, while responding quickly to customer needs and keeping production costs at competitive levels, is essential to our ability to compete in these markets.

We believe that there are several companies that manufacture one or more similar specialty steel products that are significant competitors. There are a few smaller producing companies and material converters that are also considered to be competitors.

High import penetration of specialty steel products, especially stainless and tool steels, also impacts the competitive nature within the United States. Unfair pricing practices by foreign producers have resulted in high import penetration into the U.S. markets in which we participate.

HUMAN CAPITAL MANAGEMENT

Employee Relations

We consider the maintenance of good relations with our employees to be important to the successful conduct of our business. We have profit-sharing plans for certain salaried and hourly employees and for all of our employees represented by United Steelworkers (the “USW”) and have equity ownership programs for all of our eligible employees, in an effort to forge an alliance between our employees’ interests and those of our stockholders. At December 31, 2021, 2020 and 2019, we had 558, 566 and 795 employees, respectively, of which 421, 430 and 611, respectively, were USW members.  

Collective Bargaining Agreements

Our Bridgeville, Titusville, Dunkirk and North Jackson facilities recognize the USW as the exclusive representative for their hourly employees with respect to the terms and conditions of their employment. The following collective bargaining agreements are currently in place:

 

Facility

 

Commencement Date

 

Expiration Date

Bridgeville

 

September 2018

 

August 2023

North Jackson

 

July 2018

 

June 2024

Dunkirk

 

November 2017

 

October 2022

Titusville

 

October 2020

 

September 2025

 

We believe a critical component of our collective bargaining agreements is the inclusion of a profit sharing plan.

Employee Benefit Plans

We maintain a 401(k) retirement plan for our hourly and salaried employees. Pursuant to the 401(k) plan, participants may elect to make pre-tax and after-tax contributions, subject to certain limitations imposed under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. In addition, we make periodic contributions to the 401(k) plan for the hourly employees employed at the North Jackson, Dunkirk and Titusville facilities, based on service.  In addition, we make periodic contributions for the salaried employees at all locations based upon their service and their individual contribution to the 401(k) retirement plan.

We participate in the Steelworkers Pension Trust (the “Trust”), a multi-employer defined-benefit pension plan that is open to all hourly and salaried employees associated with the Bridgeville facility. We make periodic contributions to the Trust based on hours worked at a fixed rate for each hourly employee and a fixed monthly contribution on behalf of each salaried employee.

We also provide group life and health insurance plans for our hourly and salary employees.

Employee Stock Purchase Plan

Under the Amended and Restated 1996 Employee Stock Purchase Plan, as amended (the “Plan”), the Company is authorized to issue up to 400,000 shares of common stock to its full-time employees, nearly all of whom are eligible to participate. Under the terms of the Plan, employees can choose as of January 1 and July 1 of each year to have up to 10% of their total earnings withheld to purchase up to 100 shares of our common stock each six-month period. The purchase price of the stock is 85% of the lower of its beginning-of-the-period or end-of-the-period market prices. At December 31, 2021, we have issued 295,709 shares of common stock since the Plan’s inception.

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Employee Safety

COVID-19 emerged near the beginning of 2020, bringing significant uncertainty in our end markets. Recognizing the potential for disruption in our operations, we began to deploy safety protocols and processes beginning in the March 2020 timeframe to help keep our employees safe while continuing to serve our customer base. The safety protocols in place have been in line with state and CDC recommendations and Occupational Safety and Health Administration (“OSHA”) requirements such as face coverings, physical distancing, temperature checks, work from home where applicable, enhanced cleaning, encouraging self-health checks, contact tracing and quarantining, as applicable.

The safety of our employees is a paramount concern in managing our operations. We strive to minimize workplace injuries as much as possible and to provide a safe, open and accountable work environment for our employees. During 2021, the Company experienced the second fewest OSHA recordable cases in its history.

We encourage employees to provide feedback, ask questions and report concerns related to ethics or safety violations. We take employee concerns seriously and evaluate appropriate actions in response.

Employee Inclusion

We are an Equal Opportunity Employer. All qualified applicants for positions with the Company receive consideration for employment without regard to race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, national origin, disability, or veteran status. We strive to provide an equitable and inclusive environment for all our employees. We are committed to achieving representation across all levels of our workforce that reflects the diversity of the communities in which we live and work.

GOVERNMENT REGULATIONS

We are subject to federal, state and local environmental laws and regulations (collectively, “Environmental Laws”), including those governing discharges of pollutants into the air and water, and the generation, handling and disposal of hazardous and non-hazardous substances. We monitor our compliance with applicable Environmental Laws and, accordingly, believe that we are currently in compliance with all laws and regulations in all material respects.  We are subject periodically to environmental compliance reviews by various regulatory offices. We may be liable for the remediation of contamination associated with generation, handling and disposal activities. Environmental costs could be incurred, which may be significant, related to environmental compliance, at any time or from time to time in the future. In the ordinary course of business, we are also subject to government regulations including those enforced by OSHA.

EXECUTIVE OFFICERS

The following table sets forth, as of February 17, 2022, certain information with respect to the executive officers of the Company:

 

Name (Age)

 

Executive

Officer Since

 

Position

Dennis M. Oates (69)

 

2008

 

Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

Christopher M. Zimmer (48)

 

2010

 

Executive Vice President and Chief Commercial Officer

Graham McIntosh, Ph.D. (59)

 

2015

 

Executive Vice President and Chief Technology Officer

John J. Arminas (50)

 

2020

 

Vice President, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary

Wendel L. Crosby (50)

 

2021

 

Vice President of Manufacturing

 

Dennis M. Oates has been President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company since 2008. Mr. Oates was named to the Company’s Board of Directors in 2007. Mr. Oates previously served as Senior Vice President of the Specialty Alloys Operations of Carpenter Technology Corporation from 2003 to 2007. Mr. Oates also served as President and Chief Executive Officer of TW Metals, Inc. from 1998 to 2003. In May 2010, the Board of Directors elected Mr. Oates to the additional position of Chairman.

Christopher M. Zimmer has been Executive Vice President and Chief Commercial Officer since 2014. Mr. Zimmer served as Vice President of Sales and Marketing from 2008 to 2014. Mr. Zimmer previously served as Vice President of Sales and Marketing for Schmoltz+Bickenbach USA from 1995 to 2008. He previously held positions of increasing responsibility including inside sales, Commercial Manager—stainless bar, General Manager—nickel alloy products, and National Sales Manager.

Graham McIntosh, Ph.D. has been Executive Vice President and Chief Technology Officer since May 2018. Dr. McIntosh also served as the Company’s Vice President and Chief Technology Officer from 2013 until May 2018. Dr. McIntosh previously served as Director of Global Technology Initiatives for Carpenter Technology Corporation where he joined in 2008. Dr. McIntosh also served as Vice President of Technology and Director of Quality for Firth Rixson Viking from 2001

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to 2008, and also held several management and technical positions at Wyman-Gordon Livingston from 1987 to 2001, where he began his career.

John J. Arminas was appointed Vice President, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary for the Company effective April 2020. Mr. Arminas also served as the Company’s Corporate Counsel from 2013 until April 2020. Prior to his tenure at the Company, Mr. Arminas served as an attorney for the Law Firm of Goldberg, Kamin & Garvin from 2004 to 2013.

Wendel L. Crosby has been Vice President of Manufacturing of the Company since April 2019. Mr. Crosby also served as General Manager for the Company’s Dunkirk and Titusville facilities from 2014 until 2019. Prior to his tenure at the Company, Mr. Crosby served as Area Operations Manager for Precision Castparts Corp. from 2012 to 2014. Prior to that, Mr. Crosby served as the Director of Finishing for Columbus Steel Castings from 2010 to 2012. Mr. Crosby also served as Finishing Value Stream Manager from 2004 to 2011 and Program Manager from 2007 to 2010 for Columbus Steel Castings. Mr. Crosby is a former member of the United States Army and is a combat war veteran.

PATENTS AND TRADEMARKS

We do not consider our business to be materially dependent on patent or trademark protection, and believe we own or maintain effective licenses covering all the intellectual property used in our business. We benefit from our proprietary rights relating to designs, engineering and manufacturing processes and procedures. We seek to protect our proprietary information by use of confidentiality and non-competition agreements with certain employees.

AVAILABLE INFORMATION

Our common stock is listed on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the “USAP” ticker symbol. Copies of our Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and any amendments to those reports, as well as proxy and information statements that we file with the SEC, are available free of charge on our website at www.univstainless.com as soon as reasonably practicable after such reports are filed with the SEC. The contents of our website are not part of this Form 10-K. Copies of these documents will be available to any shareholder upon request. Requests should be directed in writing to Investor Relations at 600 Mayer Street, Bridgeville, PA 15017. The SEC maintains an Internet site at www.sec.gov that contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information regarding issuers, like us, that file electronically with the SEC.

 

 

ITEM 1A.

RISK FACTORS

We wish to caution each reader of this Form 10-K to consider the following factors and other factors discussed herein and in other past reports, including but not limited to prior year Form 10-K and Form 10-Q reports filed with the SEC. Our business and results of operations could be materially affected by any of the following risks. The factors discussed herein are not exhaustive. Therefore, the factors contained herein should be read together with other reports that we file with the SEC from time to time, which may supplement, modify, supersede, or update the factors listed in this document.

Macroeconomic Risks

Our business and operations, and the operations of our customers and suppliers, have been and are expected to continue to be adversely impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic.

The outbreak of COVID-19 was declared by the World Health Organization to be a “pandemic” and spread across the world, including the United States and many countries where the Company sells its products or sources raw materials.

Our operations and financial performance have been negatively impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic that has caused, and is expected to continue to cause, a global slowdown of economic activity, disruptions in global supply chains and significant volatility and disruption of financial markets. Because the severity, magnitude and duration of the COVID-19 pandemic and its economic consequences are unknown, its impact on our operations and financial performance cannot be fully determined. Further, the ultimate impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our operations and financial performance depends on many factors that are not within our control, including, but not limited to, governmental, business and individuals’ actions that have been and continue to be taken in response to the pandemic (including restrictions on travel and transport and workforce pressures); the impact of the pandemic and actions taken in response on global and regional economies, travel and economic activity; general economic uncertainty in key global markets and financial market volatility; global economic conditions and levels of economic growth; commodity prices; vaccination activities; and the pace of recovery when the COVID-19 pandemic subsides.

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Notwithstanding our continued operations, we have experienced, and expect to continue experiencing, lower demand and volume for our products, including delivery and shipping delays and deferrals directly and indirectly to the COVID-19 pandemic that have adversely impacted, and are expected to continue to adversely impact, our business. For example, a significant portion of our sales result from products sold to customers in the commercial aerospace industry. In 2020 and 2021, several commercial aerospace companies announced and executed cost-cutting and other measures in response to declining demand stemming from the COVID-19 pandemic, including measures to reduce inventory and/or downward adjustments to their production rates. Likewise, the COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated declines in consumer activity and supply issues in the oil & gas end market. Although our order backlog increased in 2021, economic and global supply chain and disruption continues, which continues to have a significant adverse impact on our business operations, financial performance and results of operations.

As the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the economy and our operations evolves, we will continue to assess our liquidity position in relation to our anticipated future liquidity needs. Under the terms of our Credit Agreement (as defined below), our borrowing availability is based on eligible accounts receivable and inventory, which have been impacted and will continue to be impacted by the challenging economic environment we have faced during the COVID-19 pandemic. Also, a continued worldwide disruption could materially affect our future access to our sources of liquidity, financial condition, capitalization and capital investments.  In the event of a sustained market deterioration, we may need additional liquidity, which would require us to evaluate available alternatives and take appropriate actions.  Additionally, a prolonged period of generating lower cash from operations could adversely affect our financial condition and the achievement of our strategic objectives. Conditions in the financial and credit markets also may limit the availability of funding or increase the cost of funding, which could adversely affect our business, financial position and results of operations.

We are subject to risks associated with global economic and market factors.

Our results of operations are affected directly by the level of business activity of our customers and our suppliers, which in turn is affected by global economic and market factors, including health epidemics, impacting the industries and markets that we participate in. We are susceptible to macroeconomic downturns in the United States and abroad that may affect the general economic climate, our performance and the demand of our customers. We may face significant challenges if conditions in the financial markets deteriorate. There can be no assurance that global economic and market conditions will not adversely impact our results of operations, cash flow or financial position in the future.

Existing free trade laws and regulations, such as the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement, provide certain beneficial duties and tariffs for qualifying imports and exports, subject to compliance with the applicable classification and other requirements. Changes in laws or policies governing the terms of foreign trade, and in particularly increased trade restrictions, tariffs or taxes on imports from countries where we sell products or purchase materials could have a material adverse effect on our business and financial results. Given the uncertainty regarding the scope and duration of current, proposed, or future imposed tariffs, we can provide no assurance that any strategies we implement to mitigate the impact of such tariffs on the Company will be successful.

Commercial Risks

A substantial amount of our sales is derived from a limited number of customers.

Our five largest customers in the aggregate accounted for approximately 47% of our net sales for each of the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, and 54% of our net sales for the year ended December 31, 2019. An adverse change in, or termination of, the relationship with one or more of our customers or market segments could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.

Our business is very competitive, and increased competition could reduce our sales.

We compete with domestic and foreign producers of specialty steel products. In addition, many of the finished products sold by our customers are in direct competition with finished products manufactured by foreign sources, which may affect the demand for those customers’ products. Any competitive factors that adversely affect the market for finished products manufactured by us or our customers could indirectly adversely affect the demand for our semi-finished products. Additionally, our products compete with products fashioned from alternative materials such as aluminum, composites and plastics, the production of which includes domestic and foreign enterprises.  Competition in our field is intense and is expected to continue to be so in the foreseeable future. A majority of our business is not covered under long term supply contracts. There can be no assurance that we will be able to compete successfully in the future.

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The demand for our products may be cyclical.

Demand for our products from our customers can be cyclical in nature and sensitive to various factors, including demand, production schedules and other conditions in each of our end markets, fluctuations in inventory levels throughout the supply chain, and general macroeconomic conditions. A significant adverse change in demand for any reason could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.

A substantial amount of our sales is derived from the aerospace industry.

Approximately 60% of our sales represented products sold to customers in the aerospace market in 2021. The aerospace market is historically cyclical due to both external and internal market factors. These factors include general economic conditions, supply chain fluctuations, diminished credit availability, airline profitability, demand for air travel, age of fleets, varying fuel and labor costs, price competition, new technology development and international and domestic political conditions such as military conflict and the threat of terrorism. The length and degree of cyclical fluctuation can be influenced by any one or a combination of these factors and therefore are difficult to predict with certainty.

A prolonged downturn in the aerospace industry would adversely affect the demand for our products and/or the prices at which we are able to sell our products, and our results of operations, business and financial condition could be materially adversely affected. The continued market uncertainty regarding impacts of COVID-19 on the aerospace business, has and could continue to adversely impact our results.

Our business may be harmed by failure to develop, commercialize, market and sell new applications and new products.

We believe that our alloys and metallurgical manufacturing expertise provide us with a competitive advantage over other high-performance alloy producers. Our ability to maintain this competitive advantage depends on our ability to continue to offer products that have equal or better performance characteristics than competing products at competitive prices. Our future growth will depend, in part, on our ability to develop, commercialize and sell new products. If we are not successful in these efforts, or if our new products and product enhancements do not adequately meet the requirements of the marketplace and achieve market acceptance, our business could be adversely affected.

Our business requires continuing efforts to obtain new customer approvals on existing products and applications, which is a stringent, difficult process subject to each customer’s varying approval methodology and preferences. If we are not successful in these efforts, our business could be adversely affected.

We believe that our international sales and purchases are associated with various risks.

We conduct business with suppliers and customers in foreign countries which exposes us to risks associated with international business activities, including effects of the United Kingdom’s withdrawal from membership in the European Union (referred to as “Brexit”). We could be significantly impacted by these risks, which include the potential for volatile economic and labor conditions, political instability, collecting accounts receivable and exchange rate fluctuations (which may affect sales revenue to international customers and the margins on international sales when converted into U.S. dollars).

International sales approximated 7% of annual net sales in 2021, 2020 and 2019, an immaterial portion of which is denominated in foreign currencies.

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Financial Risks

Our business may be harmed if we are unable to meet our debt service requirements or the covenants in our Credit Agreement, or if interest rates increase.

We have debt upon which we are required to make scheduled interest and principal payments, and we may incur additional debt in the future. A significant portion of our debt bears interest at variable rates that may increase in the future. A significant increase in interest rates or disruption in the global financial markets may affect our ability to obtain financing or to refinance existing debt on acceptable terms, if at all, and could increase the cost of our borrowings.

Our Credit Agreement uses the London Interbank Offering Rate (“LIBOR”) as a benchmark for establishing the interest rate on a substantial portion of our debt. LIBOR is the subject of recent national, international and other regulatory guidance and proposals for reform. In July 2017, the United Kingdom's Financial Conduct Authority (the “FCA”), which regulates LIBOR, announced that it intends to phase out LIBOR. In March 2021, the FCA announced that all LIBOR settings will either cease to be provided by any administrator or no longer be representative: (a) immediately after December 31, 2021, in the case of the one-week and two-month U.S. dollar settings; and (b) immediately after June 30, 2023, in the case of the remaining U.S. dollar settings. The United States Federal Reserve has also advised banks to cease entering into new contracts that use USD LIBOR as a reference rate. The Alternative Reference Rate Committee, a committee convened by the Federal Reserve that includes major market participants, has identified the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (“SOFR”), a new index calculated by short-term repurchase agreements, backed by Treasury securities, as its preferred alternative rate for LIBOR. At this time, it is not possible to predict how markets will respond to SOFR or other alternative reference rates as the transition away from the LIBOR benchmarks is anticipated in coming years. Accordingly, the outcome of these reforms is uncertain, and any changes in the methods by which LIBOR is determined or regulatory activity related to LIBOR’s phaseout could cause LIBOR to perform differently than in the past or cease to exist. The consequences of these developments cannot be entirely predicted but could include an increase in the cost of our borrowings under our Credit Agreement. In addition, we may, in the future, hedge against interest rate fluctuations by using any of various hedging instruments. These instruments may be used to selectively manage risks, but there can be no assurance that we will be fully protected against material interest rate fluctuations.

Our ability to satisfy our debt obligations will depend upon our future operating performance, which will be affected by prevailing economic conditions in the markets that we serve and financial, business and other factors, many of which are beyond our control. If we are unable to generate sufficient cash to service our debt or if interest rates increase, our results of operations and financial condition could be adversely affected. Our Credit Agreement, which provides for a $105.0 million senior secured revolving credit facility and a $15.0 million senior secured term loan facility, also requires us to comply with certain covenants.  Failure to comply with the covenants contained in the Credit Agreement could result in a default, which, if not waived by our lenders, could substantially increase our borrowing costs and result in acceleration of our debt. As of December 31, 2021, we were in compliance with the applicable covenants in our Credit Agreement.  

Changes in tax rules and regulations, or interpretations thereof, may adversely affect our effective tax rates.

We are a U.S. based company with customers and suppliers in foreign countries. We import various raw materials used in our production processes and we export goods to our foreign customers. The United States, the European Commission, countries in the European Union and other countries where we do business have implemented and may consider further changes in relevant tax, border tax, accounting and other laws, regulations and interpretations, that may unfavorably impact our effective tax rate or result in other costs to us.

Our ability to recognize tax benefits on our existing net operating loss positions may be limited.

We have generated meaningful net operating loss carryforwards, tax credit carryforwards and other tax attributes (collectively, the “Tax Benefits”), which potentially can be utilized in certain circumstances to reduce our future income tax obligations. As of December 31, 2021, we had estimated U.S. federal net operating losses of approximately $29.2 million, state net operating losses of approximately $10.8 million, U.S. federal tax credit carryforwards of approximately $6.4 million and state tax credit carryforwards of approximately $0.4 million. Our ability to use our Tax Benefits would be substantially limited if we were to experience an “ownership change,” as defined under Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code (the “Tax Code”). In general, a corporation would experience an ownership change if the percentage of the corporation’s stock owned by one or more “5% shareholders,” as defined under Section 382 of the Tax Code, increases by more than 50 percentage points over their lowest ownership percentage within a rolling three-year period. On August 24, 2020, our Board of Directors adopted a Tax Benefits Preservation Plan (the “Rights Agreement”) designed to protect the availability of our Tax Benefits and the Rights Agreement was ratified by our shareholders on May 5, 2021. The Rights Agreement contains an ownership trigger threshold of 4.95% and reduces the likelihood that changes in our investor base would limit our future use

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of our Tax Benefits, which would significantly impair the value of such Tax Benefits. However, there is no guarantee that the Rights Agreement will be effective in protecting our Tax Benefits.  Further, if we continue to be unable to generate sufficient taxable income, these Tax Benefits may expire unutilized, and we may not be able to recognize the benefits that could arise from such Tax Benefits.

Human Capital Risks

Our business depends largely on our ability to attract and retain key personnel.

We depend on the continued service, availability and ability to attract skilled personnel, including members of our executive management team, other management positions, and metallurgists, along with maintenance and production positions. Our inability to attract and retain such people may adversely impact our ability to fill existing roles and support growth. Attraction and retention of qualified personnel remains challenging as the labor market remains tight.

Further, the loss of key personnel could adversely affect our ability to perform until suitable replacements can be found.

Our business may be harmed by strikes or work stoppages.

At December 31, 2021, we had 421 employees, out of a total of 558, who were covered under collective bargaining agreements with the USW expiring at various dates in 2022 to 2025. There can be no assurance that we will be successful in timely concluding collective bargaining agreements with the USW to succeed the agreements that expire, in which case, we may experience strikes or work stoppages that may have a material adverse impact on our results of operations.

Costs related to our participation in a multi-employer pension plan could increase significantly.

We participate in the Trust, a multi-employer defined-benefit pension plan. We make contributions to the Trust with respect to all hourly and salaried employees associated with our Bridgeville facility. The trustees of the Trust have provided us with the latest data available for the Trust year ended December 31, 2020. As of that date, the Trust is not fully funded. Our contribution rates could increase if the Trust is required to adopt a funding improvement plan or a rehabilitation plan as a result of funding deficiencies in excess of specified levels, which may be due to poor performance of Trust investments or other factors, or as a result of future wage and benefit agreements. In addition, if we choose to stop participating in the Trust, our contributions to the Trust decline or the Trust is terminated, we may be required to pay the Trust an amount based on the underfunded status of the Trust, referred to as a withdrawal liability. Changes to any of these factors could negatively impact our future results of operations and cash flows to a material extent.

Operational Risks

Our business is subject to stringent environmental, health and safety regulations which may result in significant liabilities and/or costs to maintain compliance.

Our operations and properties are subject to extensive and varied federal, state, local and international laws and regulations relating to public health, the environment, pollution, and occupational safety and health. We have used, and currently use and manufacture, substances that are considered hazardous or toxic under worker safety and health laws and regulations. We take measures to control or eliminate the continuing risk associated with the environmental, health and safety issues, however we could incur substantial fines and civil or criminal sanctions, cleanup costs, compliance investments and third-party property or injury claims as a result of violations, or non-compliance related to these regulations affecting our facilities and operations.

We are dependent on the availability and price of raw materials and operating supplies.

We purchase carbon and stainless scrap metal and alloy additives, principally nickel, chrome, vanadium, molybdenum, manganese and copper, for our melting operation. A portion of the alloy additives is available only from foreign sources, some of which are located in countries that may be subject to unstable political and economic conditions. Those conditions might disrupt supplies or affect the prices of the raw materials. We maintain sales price surcharges on our products to help offset the impact of raw material price fluctuations.

We do not maintain long-term fixed-price supply agreements with any of our raw material suppliers. If our supply of raw materials were interrupted, we might not be able to obtain sufficient quantities of raw materials or obtain sufficient quantities !significant volatility in the price of our principal raw materials could adversely affect our financial results and there can be no assurance that the raw material surcharge mechanism employed by us will completely offset immediate changes in our raw material costs in a given period.

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Our production processes also require consumable operating supplies. Significant volatility in the price of our consumable operating supplies could adversely affect our financial results.

Our business requires substantial amounts of energy.

The manufacturing of specialty steel is an energy-intensive process and requires the ready availability of substantial amounts of electricity and natural gas, for which we negotiate competitive supply agreements. While we believe that our energy agreements allow us to compete effectively within the specialty steel industry, the potential for increased costs exists during periods of high demand or supply disruptions. We have a sales price surcharge to help offset the cost fluctuations.

Our business may be harmed by failures on critical manufacturing equipment.

Our manufacturing processes are dependent upon certain critical pieces of specialty steel making equipment, including our 50-ton electric-arc furnace and AOD vessel, our ESR, VIM and VAR furnaces, our radial hydraulic forge and our universal rolling mill. In the event a critical piece of equipment should become inoperative as a result of unexpected equipment failure, there can be no assurance that our operations would not be substantially curtailed, which may have a negative effect on our financial results.

Our business subjects us to risk of litigation claims, as a routine matter, and this risk increases the potential for a loss that might not be covered by insurance.

Litigation claims may relate to the conduct of our business, including claims relating to product liability, commercial disputes, employment actions, employee benefits, compliance with domestic and federal laws and personal injury. Due to the uncertainties of litigation, we might not prevail on claims made against us in the lawsuits that we currently face, and additional claims may be made against us in the future. The outcome of litigation cannot be predicted with certainty, and some of these lawsuits, claims or proceedings may be determined adversely to us.  The resolution in any reporting period of one or more of these matters could have a material adverse effect on our business.

If we are unable to protect our information technology infrastructure against service interruptions, data corruption, cyber-based attacks or network security breaches, our operations could be disrupted.

We rely on information technology networks and systems to manage and support a variety of business activities, including procurement and supply chain, engineering support, and manufacturing. Our information technology systems, some of which are managed by third-parties, may be susceptible to the inability to continue to receive software updates and contractual vendor support, damage, disruptions or shutdown due to failures during the process of upgrading or replacing software, databases or components thereof, power outages, hardware failures, computer viruses, attacks by computer hackers, telecommunications failures, user errors or catastrophic events. In addition, security breaches could result in unauthorized disclosures of confidential information. If our information technology systems suffer severe damage, disruption or shutdown and our business continuity plans do not effectively resolve the issues in a timely manner, our manufacturing process could be disrupted resulting in late deliveries or even no deliveries if there is a total shutdown.

 

 

10


 

ITEM 1B.

UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

None.

ITEM 2.

PROPERTIES

We own our Bridgeville, Pennsylvania facility, which consists of approximately 800,000 square feet of floor space and our executive offices on approximately 77 acres. The Bridgeville facility contains melting, remelting, conditioning, rolling, annealing, testing and various other processing equipment.  Substantially all products shipped from the Bridgeville facility are processed through its melt shop and universal rolling mill operations.  

We own our North Jackson, Ohio facility, which consists of approximately 257,000 square feet of floor space on approximately 110 acres. The North Jackson facility contains melting, remelting, forging, annealing and various other processing operations. Our obligations under our Credit Agreement, which is more fully described under Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - Liquidity and Capital Resources,” are collateralized by a first lien on our real property in North Jackson, Ohio.

We own our Dunkirk, New York facility, which consists of approximately 680,000 square feet of floor space on approximately 81 acres. The Dunkirk facility processes semi-finished billet and bar stock through one or more of its five rolling mills, a high temperature annealing facility and/or its round and shape bar finishing and testing equipment.

We own our Titusville, Pennsylvania facility, which consists of seven buildings on approximately 10 acres, including two principal buildings of approximately 265,000 square feet in total area. The Titusville facility contains five VAR furnaces and various rolling and finishing equipment.

Specialty steel production is a capital-intensive industry. We believe that our facilities and equipment are suitable for our present manufacturing needs. We believe, however, that we will continue to require capital from time to time to add new equipment and to repair or replace our existing equipment to remain competitive and to enable us to manufacture quality products and provide delivery and other support service assurances to our customers.

ITEM 3.

Information regarding the Company’s legal proceedings and other commitments and contingencies is set forth in Part II, Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, Note 14, which is incorporated by reference into this Item 3.

ITEM 4.

MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Not applicable.

 

 

11


 

PART II

ITEM  5.

MARKET FOR THE REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

At December 31, 2021, a total of 8,938,091 shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share, were issued and held by 91 holders of record. There were no shares of the issued common stock held in treasury at December 31, 2021. Our common stock trades under the symbol “USAP” on the Nasdaq Global Select Market.

DIVIDENDS

We have never paid a cash dividend on our common stock. Our Credit Agreement does not permit the payment of cash dividends on our common stock. Accordingly, we do not expect to pay a cash dividend on our common stock in the near future.

 

ITEM 6.

SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

 

Not applicable

 

12


 

ITEM 7.

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following Management Discussion and Analysis (“MD&A”) is intended to help the reader understand the consolidated results of operations and financial condition of Universal Stainless & Alloy Products, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries (collectively, “we,” “us,” “our,” or the “Company”).  This MD&A should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included in this Form 10-K. When reviewing the discussion, you should keep in mind the substantial risks and uncertainties that characterize our business. In particular, we encourage you to review the risk and uncertainties described under Item 1A “Risk Factors,” of this Form 10-K.  These risks and uncertainties could cause actual results to differ materially from those forecasted in forward-looking statements or implied by past results and trends. Forward-looking statements are statements that attempt to project or anticipate future developments in our business; we encourage you to review the discussion of forward-looking statements under “Cautionary Statement for Purposes of the “Safe Harbor” Provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995,” at the beginning of this report.  These statements, like all statements in this report, speak only as of the date of this report (unless another date is indicated), and we undertake no obligation to update or revise the statements in light of future developments.  Unless otherwise specified, any reference to a “year” is to the year ended December 31.

Overview

We manufacture and market semi-finished and finished specialty steel products, including stainless steel, nickel alloys, tool steel and certain other alloyed steels. Our manufacturing process involves melting, remelting, heat treating, hot and cold rolling, forging, machining and cold drawing of semi-finished and finished specialty steels. Our products are sold to service centers, forgers, rerollers and original equipment manufacturers. Our customers further process our products for use in a variety of industries, including the aerospace, power generation, oil and gas, heavy equipment and general industrial markets.  We also perform conversion services on materials supplied by customers.

 

Our aerospace end market accounted for approximately 60% our total net sales and will continue to be a major driver of our future results, although the COVID-19 pandemic negatively impacted sales in 2021. Sales decreased in our aerospace, power generation, and general industrial end markets in 2021 compared with 2020, while sales increased in the oil & gas and heavy equipment end markets.

 

Total Company backlog at the end of 2021 was $134.5 million, a new record level and significantly up from $48.0 million at the end of 2020. Premium alloys sales were approximately 17% of total sales during 2021, and these premium products represented more than 20% of the backlog at the end of the year.

 

Our 2021 gross margin was 5.1% of net sales, significantly improved from a negative gross margin in 2020. The negative margin in 2020 was primarily due to the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, including direct charges recorded to the income statement as a result of low activity levels. Although low activity levels and other headwinds depressed 2021 results as well, the improvement in gross margin reflects the benefits of lower plant spending, improvements in our production costs, and general increases in activity levels at our facilities in 2021 compared with 2020.   

During 2021, we used $18.0 million of cash in our operations, primarily from increasing our inventory levels in support of our record backlog. We also used $11.1 million on capital expenditures, a significant portion of which was spent for strategic projects related to expansion of our vacuum induction melting and vacuum arc remelting capabilities to support our growth in premium products. These investments in our inventory and premium product manufacturing equipment support our business goals of further sales growth and profitability improvement in 2022.

We received forgiveness of our $10.0 million Paycheck Protection Program loan in 2021 and borrowed on our revolving credit facility to pay off our notes issued in 2013 as part of the North Jackson acquisition, effectively cutting the interest rate in half for $15.0 million of our debt.

Our operating facilities are integrated, and therefore our chief operating decision maker (“CODM”) views the Company as one business unit.  Our CODM sets performance goals, assesses performance and makes decisions about resource allocations on a consolidated basis. As a result of these factors, as well as the nature of the financial information available which is reviewed by our CODM, we maintain one reportable segment.

COVID-19 Pandemic

While the Company’s four plants have continued to operate throughout 2020 and 2021, COVID-19 related challenges negatively impacted the efficiency of our operations. These challenges are expected to continue in the first quarter of 2022 and may continue thereafter. These factors may have additional significant impacts on the Company’s backlog, end markets, overall operations, cash flows and financial results.

13


The scope and nature of these impacts, most of which are beyond the Company’s control, continue to evolve, and the outcome is uncertain. The ultimate extent of the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company, and the end markets we serve, remains highly uncertain and will depend on future developments and, as such, effects could exist for an extended period, even after the pandemic may end.

Results of Operations

2021 Results Compared to 2020

 

For the years ended December 31,

 

2021

 

2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(dollars in thousands, except per

   shipped ton information)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amount

 

 

Percentage

of net sales

 

Amount

 

 

Percentage

of net sales

 

Dollar / ton

variance

 

 

Percentage

variance

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total net sales

 

$

 

155,934

 

 

 

100.0

 

 

 

$

 

179,731

 

 

 

100.0

 

 

 

$

 

(23,797

)

 

 

(13.2

)

 

Cost of products sold

 

 

 

147,963

 

 

 

94.9

 

 

 

 

 

182,387

 

 

 

101.5

 

 

 

 

 

(34,424

)

 

 

(18.9

)

 

Gross margin

 

 

 

7,971

 

 

 

5.1

 

 

 

 

 

(2,656

)

 

 

(1.5

)

 

 

 

 

10,627

 

 

 

400.1

 

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

20,243

 

 

 

13.0

 

 

 

 

 

19,752

 

 

 

11.0

 

 

 

 

 

491

 

 

 

2.5

 

 

Operating loss

 

 

 

(12,272

)

 

 

(7.9

)

 

 

 

 

(22,408

)

 

 

(12.5

)

 

 

 

 

10,136

 

 

 

45.2

 

 

Interest expense

 

 

 

1,989

 

 

 

1.3

 

 

 

 

 

2,784

 

 

 

1.5

 

 

 

 

 

(795

)

 

 

(28.6

)

 

Deferred financing amortization

 

 

 

225

 

 

 

0.1

 

 

 

 

 

225

 

 

 

0.1

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

Gain on extinguishment of debt

 

 

 

(10,000

)

 

 

(6.4

)

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

(10,000

)

 

NM

 

 

Other (income), net

 

 

 

(445

)

 

 

(0.3

)

 

 

 

 

(1,123

)

 

 

(0.6

)

 

 

 

 

678

 

 

 

60.4

 

 

Loss before income taxes

 

 

 

(4,041

)

 

 

(2.6

)

 

 

 

 

(24,294

)

 

 

(13.5

)

 

 

 

 

20,253

 

 

 

83.4

 

 

Benefit from income taxes

 

 

 

(3,283

)

 

 

(2.1

)

 

 

 

 

(5,247

)

 

 

(2.9

)

 

 

 

 

1,964

 

 

 

37.4

 

 

Net (loss) income

 

$

 

(758

)

 

 

(0.5

)

%

 

$

 

(19,047

)

 

 

(10.6

)

%

 

$

 

18,289

 

 

 

96.0

 

%

Tons shipped

 

 

 

27,343

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

30,821

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(3,478

)

 

 

(11.3

)

%

Sales dollars per shipped ton

 

$

 

5,703

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

 

5,831

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

 

(128

)

 

 

(2.2

)

%

 

Market Segment Information:

 

For the years ended December 31,

 

2021

 

2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(dollars in thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amount

 

 

Percentage

of net sales

 

Amount

 

 

Percentage

of net sales

 

Dollar

variance

 

 

Percentage

variance

Net sales:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Service centers

 

$

 

110,404

 

 

 

70.8

 

%

 

$

 

126,122

 

 

 

70.2

 

%

 

$

 

(15,718

)

 

 

(12.5

)

%

Original equipment manufacturers

 

 

 

15,011

 

 

 

9.6

 

 

 

 

 

20,783

 

 

 

11.5

 

 

 

 

 

(5,772

)

 

 

(27.8

)

 

Rerollers

 

 

 

17,058

 

 

 

11.0

 

 

 

 

 

15,928

 

 

 

8.9

 

 

 

 

 

1,130

 

 

 

7.1

 

 

Forgers

 

 

 

11,835

 

 

 

7.6

 

 

 

 

 

14,244

 

 

 

7.9

 

 

 

 

 

(2,410

)

 

 

(16.9

)

 

Conversion services and other sales

 

 

 

1,626

 

 

 

1.0

 

 

 

 

 

2,654

 

 

 

1.5

 

 

 

 

 

(1,028

)

 

 

(38.7

)

 

Total net sales

 

$

 

155,934

 

 

 

100.0

 

%

 

$

 

179,731

 

 

 

100.0

 

%

 

$

 

(23,797

)

 

 

(13.2

)

%

 

Melt Type Information:

 

For the years ended December 31,

 

2021

 

2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(dollars in thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amount

 

 

Percentage

of net sales

 

Amount

 

 

Percentage

of net sales

 

Dollar

variance

 

 

Percentage

variance

Net sales:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Specialty alloys

 

$

 

127,885

 

 

 

82.0

 

%

 

$

 

141,838

 

 

 

78.9

 

%

 

$

 

(13,953

)

 

 

(9.8

)

%

Premium alloys

 

 

 

26,423

 

 

 

17.0

 

 

 

 

 

35,239

 

 

 

19.6

 

 

 

 

 

(8,816

)

 

 

(25.0

)

 

Conversion services and other sales

 

 

 

1,626

 

 

 

1.0

 

 

 

 

 

2,654

 

 

 

1.5

 

 

 

 

 

(1,028

)

 

 

(38.7

)

 

Total net sales

 

$

 

155,934

 

 

 

100.0

 

%

 

$

 

179,731

 

 

 

100.0

 

%

 

$

 

(23,797

)

 

 

(13.2

)

%

 

14


 

The majority of our products are sold to service centers rather than the ultimate end market customers. The end market information in this Annual Report is our estimate based upon our knowledge of our customers and the grade of material sold to them, which they will in-turn sell to the ultimate end market customer.

End Market Information:

 

For the years ended December 31,

 

2021

 

2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(dollars in thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amount

 

 

Percentage

of net sales

 

Amount

 

 

Percentage

of net sales

 

Dollar

variance

 

 

Percentage

variance

Net sales:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aerospace

 

$

 

91,546

 

 

 

58.7

 

%

 

$

 

121,900

 

 

 

67.8

 

%

 

$

 

(30,354

)

 

 

(24.9

)

%

Power generation

 

 

 

4,634

 

 

 

3.0

 

 

 

 

 

6,879

 

 

 

3.8

 

 

 

 

 

(2,245

)

 

 

(32.6

)

 

Oil and gas

 

 

 

15,106

 

 

 

9.7

 

 

 

 

 

13,065

 

 

 

7.3

 

 

 

 

 

2,041

 

 

 

15.6

 

 

Heavy equipment

 

 

 

34,010

 

 

 

21.8

 

 

 

 

 

22,400

 

 

 

12.5

 

 

 

 

 

11,610

 

 

 

51.8

 

 

General industrial, conversion services and other sales

 

 

 

10,637

 

 

 

6.8

 

 

 

 

 

15,487

 

 

 

8.6

 

 

 

 

 

(4,850

)

 

 

(31.3

)

 

Total net sales

 

$

 

155,934

 

 

 

100.0

 

%

 

$

 

179,731

 

 

 

100.0

 

%

 

$

 

(23,797

)

 

 

(13.2

)

%

 

Net sales:

Net sales for the year ended December 31, 2021 decreased $23.8 million, or 13.2%, compared to 2020. The decrease in our sales is primarily due to a decrease in consolidated tons shipped driven by lower business activity as a result of significant challenges facing all our end markets caused primarily by the COVID-19 pandemic. The most significant impact on our business has been the slowdown in the global commercial airline industry, which is the largest driver of the decline in sales for our aerospace end market. The average total sales dollars per shipped ton also decreased due to a lower mix of premium products in 2021 compared with the prior year.

Gross margin:

Our 2021 gross margin was 5.1% of net sales, improved from a negative 1.5% gross margin in 2020. The negative margin in 2020 was primarily due to the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, including direct charges recorded to the Cost of products sold as a result of low activity levels. Although low activity levels continued in 2021, the improvement in gross margin reflects lower plant spending, improvements in our production costs, and increases in activity levels at our facilities during 2021 compared with the second half of 2020.  

Selling, general and administrative expenses:

Our selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses consist primarily of employee costs including salaries, incentive compensation, payroll taxes and benefit related costs, legal and accounting services, share compensation and insurance costs. Our SG&A expenses increased by $0.5 million in 2021 due primarily to an increase in accruals for incentive compensation.

Interest expense and deferred financing amortization:

Our interest expense was $2.0 million in 2021 compared to $2.8 million in 2020 due to lower total average debt balances for the majority of the current year, lower interest rates on our variable rate debt, and payoff of the higher-interest rate notes in the first quarter of 2021.

Gain on extinguishment of debt

2021 included a book gain of $10.0 million recorded upon receipt of forgiveness of the Company’s PPP Term Note (as defined below).

Other income:

Other income was $0.4 million in 2021 compared to $1.1 million in 2020. The decrease is related to lower insurance recoveries during the current year.

15


Benefit from income taxes:

The 2021 income tax benefit is $3.3 million compared to an income tax benefit of $5.2 million in 2020. The difference is primarily due to a lower taxable loss in 2021 compared to the prior year.

Net loss:

We had a net loss of $0.8 million in 2021 compared to a net loss of $19.0 million in 2020. The decrease in the net loss reflects our better gross margin in the current year, plus the $10.0 million gain recorded on forgiveness of our PPP Term Note.

 

2020 Results Compared to 2019

 

For the years ended December 31,

 

2020

 

2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(dollars in thousands, except per

   shipped ton information)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amount

 

 

Percentage of net sales

 

Amount

 

 

Percentage of net sales

 

Dollar / ton

variance

 

 

Percentage

variance

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total net sales

 

 

 

179,731

 

 

 

100.0

 

 

 

 

 

243,007

 

 

 

100.0

 

 

 

 

 

(63,276

)

 

 

(26.0

)

 

Cost of products sold

 

 

 

182,387

 

 

 

101.5

 

 

 

 

 

215,369

 

 

 

88.6

 

 

 

 

 

(32,982

)

 

 

(15.3

)

 

Gross margin

 

 

 

(2,656

)

 

 

(1.5

)

 

 

 

 

27,638

 

 

 

11.4

 

 

 

 

 

(30,294

)

 

 

(109.6

)

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

 

19,752

 

 

 

11.0

 

 

 

 

 

20,347

 

 

 

8.4

 

 

 

 

 

(595

)

 

 

(2.9

)

 

Operating (loss) income

 

 

 

(22,408

)

 

 

(12.5

)

 

 

 

 

7,291

 

 

 

3.0

 

 

 

 

 

(29,699

)

 

 

(407.3

)

 

Interest expense

 

 

 

2,784

 

 

 

1.5

 

 

 

 

 

3,765

 

 

 

1.5

 

 

 

 

 

(981

)

 

 

(26.1

)

 

Deferred financing amortization

 

 

 

225

 

 

 

0.1

 

 

 

 

 

227

 

 

 

0.1

 

 

 

 

 

(2

)

 

 

(0.9

)

 

Other (income), net

 

 

 

(1,123

)

 

 

(0.6

)

 

 

 

 

(474

)

 

 

(0.2

)

 

 

 

 

(649

)

 

 

136.9

 

 

(Loss) income before income taxes

 

 

 

(24,294

)

 

 

(13.5

)

 

 

 

 

3,773

 

 

 

1.6

 

 

 

 

 

(28,067

)

 

 

(743.9

)

 

Benefit from income taxes

 

 

 

(5,247

)

 

 

(2.9

)

 

 

 

 

(502

)

 

 

(0.2

)

 

 

 

 

4,745

 

 

 

945.2

 

 

Net loss

 

$

 

(19,047

)

 

 

(10.6

)

%

 

$

 

4,275

 

 

 

1.8

 

%

 

$

 

(23,322

)

 

 

(545.5

)

%

Tons shipped

 

 

 

30,821

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

41,462

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(10,641

)

 

 

(25.7

)

%

Sales dollars per shipped ton

 

$

 

5,831

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

 

5,861

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

 

(30

)

 

 

(0.5